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Table 2 Haplotype effects significantly associated to early growth-related traits, from association analyses in two panels of maize

From: Association mapping for cold tolerance in two large maize inbred panels

SNP Trait Panel Haplotype Haplotype Haplotipe Additive effects
Frecuency Mean Average
PUT-163a-78121249-4393 Days to emergence Flint G,C,C,A 15 11.80 ± 0.23 1.28
T,T,A,G 80 11.66 ± 0.09 0.16
PZE-101159230 Chlorophyll content (SPAD) Dent G,T,C,C 51 4.54 ± 0.17 −1.26
A,T,T,C 20 5.06 ± 0.27 −0.90
G,T,C,T 18 4.25 ± 0.24 −1.38
G,C,C,C 11 4.06 ± 0.36 −1.98
SYN2344 Chlorophyll content (SPAD) Dent G 44 4.76 ± 0.17 −3.04
A 54 4.19 ± 0.14 −3.42
PZE-101084685 ΦPSII Flint CCA 46 442 ± 10 238
CTG 33 450 ± 13 228
ATG 13 322 ± 29 189
SYN24026 ΦPSII Flint C,A,G,G 49 465 ± 10 55
C,A,G,A 27 418 ± 12 59
C,G,T,G 15 333 ± 21 −2
PZE-101106625 Early vigor Dent T,C,G,G,G,C,C,A 39 3.99 ± 0.07 1.10
C,C,T,A,A,T,C,G 16 4.04 ± 0.10 1.02
T,C,G,G,A,C,T,A, 22 4.03 ± 0.47 1.10
PZE-105041198 Early vigor Flint T 73 3.95 ± 0.04 −1.19
C 26 3.53 ± 0.07 −1.61
PZE-105041551 Early vigor Flint C 51 3.61 ± 0.05 0
T 38 4.07 ± 0.05 0.42
PZE-107098206 Early vigor Flint CT 51 3.62 ± 0.05 −0.19
TT 42 4.03 ± 0.05 0.02
  1. The most favorable allele for each SNPs is underlined. haplotypes are considered when the frequency is greater than 10 %