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Biochemistry and physiology

Section edited by Paul Boss (CSIRO, Australia)

This section considers studies in the biochemistry and physiology of plants including research into photosynthesis and related processes.

Page 1 of 5

  1. Content type: Research article

    Appropriate brassinosteroid (BR) signal strength caused by exogenous application or endogenous regulation of BR-related genes can increase crop yield. However, precise control of BR signals is difficult and ca...

    Authors: Shufen Wang, Jianwei Liu, Tong Zhao, Chenxi Du, Shuming Nie, Yanyu Zhang, Siqi Lv, Shuhua Huang and Xiaofeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:256

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the mechanisms of crops in response to elevated CO2 concentrations is pivotal to estimating the impacts of climate change on the global agricultural production. Based on earlier results of the “doub...

    Authors: Yunpu Zheng, Fei Li, Lihua Hao, Jingjin Yu, Lili Guo, Haoran Zhou, Chao Ma, Xixi Zhang and Ming Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:255

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Plant chloroplasts and mitochondria utilize nuclear encoded proteins to replicate their DNA. These proteins are purposely built for replication in the organelle environment and are distinct from those involved...

    Authors: Stewart A. Morley, Antolín Peralta-Castro, Luis G. Brieba, Justin Miller, Kai Li Ong, Perry G. Ridge, Amanda Oliphant, Stephen Aldous and Brent L. Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:241

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Papaya (Carica papaya L.) is a popular climacteric fruit, undergoing various physico-chemical changes during ripening. Although papaya is widely cultivated and consumed, few studies on the changes in metabolism d...

    Authors: Bian Jiang, Siyan Ou, Ling Xu, Wanyi Mai, Meijun Ye, Haiping Gu, Tao Zhang, Changchun Yuan, Chenjia Shen, Jinxiang Wang and Kaidong Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:238

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Development and ripening of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruit are important processes for the study of crop biology related to industrial horticulture. Versatile uses of tomato fruit lead to its harvest at vari...

    Authors: Paul Skolik, Camilo L. M. Morais, Francis L. Martin and Martin R. McAinsh

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:236

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Sugarcane is a tropical crop that can accumulate high concentration of sucrose in the stem as a storage carbohydrate. For that reason, sugarcane accounts for approximately 75% of all the sugar produced in the ...

    Authors: Leonardo Cardoso Alves, Juan Pablo Portilla Llerena, Paulo Mazzafera and Renato Vicentini

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:215

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Flavonol synthase (FLS) is the key enzyme responsible for the biosynthesis of flavonols, the most abundant flavonoids, which have diverse pharmaceutical effects. Flavonol synthase has been previously found in ...

    Authors: Yu-Jia Sun, Jiu-Ming He and Jian-Qiang Kong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:195

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) is a non-climacteric fruit; however, the underlying mechanism of ripening and the role of abscisic acid involved in this process are not yet understood for this species.

    Authors: Zhong Zhang, Chenxuan Kang, Shuyi Zhang and Xingang Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:189

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation can affect several aspects ranging from plant growth to metabolic regulation. Maca is a Brassicaceae crop native to the Andes growing in above 3500 m of altitude. Although maca h...

    Authors: Thais Huarancca Reyes, Andrea Scartazza, Antonio Pompeiano and Lorenzo Guglielminetti

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:186

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Since their discovery, vacuolar processing enzymes (VPEs) have consistently been investigated as programmed cell death (PCD) initiators and participants in plant development and responses to biotic or abiotic ...

    Authors: Jiaojiao Jiang, Jianzhong Hu, Rujiao Tan, Yonghua Han and Zongyun Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:184

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Sugarcane accumulates very high levels of sucrose in the culm. Elucidation of the molecular mechanisms that allows such high sucrose synthesis and accumulation (up to 650 mM) is made difficult by the complexit...

    Authors: Prathima P. Thirugnanasambandam, Patrick J. Mason, Nam V. Hoang, Agnelo Furtado, Frederik C. Botha and Robert J. Henry

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:160

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  12. Content type: Research article

    It is well known that aromatic essential oils extracted from the heartwood of Santalum album L. have wide economic value. However, little is known about the role of terpenoids in response to various adverse envir...

    Authors: Xinhua Zhang, Meiyun Niu, Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva, Yueya Zhang, Yunfei Yuan, Yongxia Jia, Yangyang Xiao, Yuan Li, Lin Fang, Songjun Zeng and Guohua Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:115

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Horehound (Marrubium vulgare) is a medicinal plant whose signature bioactive compounds, marrubiin and related furanoid diterpenoid lactones, have potential applications for the treatment of cardiovascular disease...

    Authors: Prema S. Karunanithi, Puja Dhanota, J. Bennett Addison, Shen Tong, Oliver Fiehn and Philipp Zerbe

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:114

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Nutrition with ammonium (NH4+) can enhance the drought tolerance of rice seedlings in comparison to nutrition with nitrate (NO3). However, there are still no detailed studies investigating the response of nitric...

    Authors: Xiaochuang Cao, Chunquan Zhu, Chu Zhong, Junhua Zhang, Lianghuan Wu, Qianyu Jin and Qingxu Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:108

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  15. Content type: Research article

    NCA1 (NO CATALASE ACTIVITY 1) was recently identified in Arabidopsis as a chaperone protein to regulate catalase (CAT) activity through maintaining the folding of CAT. The gene exists mainly in higher plants; som...

    Authors: Jianzhe Liu, Lili Cui, Zongwang Xie, Zhisheng Zhang, Ee Liu and Xinxiang Peng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:105

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Na+ extrusion from cells is important for plant growth in high saline environments. SOS1 (salt overly sensitive 1), an Na+/H+ antiporter located in the plasma membrane (PM), functions in toxic Na+ extrusion from ...

    Authors: Yafei Fan, Xiaochang Yin, Qing Xie, Youquan Xia, Zhenyu Wang, Jie Song, Yang Zhou and Xingyu Jiang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:74

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Grape leaves provide the biochemical substrates for berry development. Thus, understanding the regulation of grapevine leaf metabolism can aid in discerning processes fundamental to fruit development and berry...

    Authors: Asfaw Degu, Uri Hochberg, Darren C. J. Wong, Giorgio Alberti, Naftali Lazarovitch, Enrico Peterlunger, Simone D. Castellarin, Jose C. Herrera and Aaron Fait

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:69

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Maturation of litchi (Litchi chinensis) fruit is characterized by dramatic changes in pigments in the pericarp and flavor compounds in the aril. Among them, the biosynthesis of anthocyanins is most noticeable. Pr...

    Authors: Biao Lai, Li-Na Du, Bing Hu, Dan Wang, Xu-Ming Huang, Jie-Tang Zhao, Hui-Cong Wang and Gui-bing Hu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:62

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Amaranth is a plant naturally resistant to various types of stresses that produces seeds of excellent nutritional quality, so amaranth is a promising system for food production. Amaranth wild relatives have su...

    Authors: Esaú Bojórquez-Velázquez, Alberto Barrera-Pacheco, Eduardo Espitia-Rangel, Alfredo Herrera-Estrella and Ana Paulina Barba de la Rosa

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:59

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH or G6PD) functions in supply of NADPH, which is required for plant defense responses to stresses. However, whether G6PD functions in the abscisic acid (ABA) signaling p...

    Authors: Lei Yang, Shengwang Wang, Lili Sun, Mengjiao Ruan, Sufang Li, Rui He, Wenya Zhang, Cuifang Liang, Xiaomin Wang and Yurong Bi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:44

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Seed germination is a crucial process in the plant life cycle when a dramatic variation of type and sugar content occurs just as the seed is hydrated. The production of hexose 6 phosphate is a key node in diff...

    Authors: Giovanna Paulina Aguilera-Alvarado, Ángel Arturo Guevara-García, Samuel Abraham Estrada-Antolín and Sobeida Sánchez-Nieto

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:27

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Algal biofuel has a potential for reducing dependence on fossil fuel while curbing CO2 emissions. Despite these potential benefits, a scalable, sustainable, and commercially viable system has not yet been develop...

    Authors: Temesgen Garoma and Ramin E. Yazdi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:18

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Cryptic peptides (cryptides) are small bioactive molecules generated via degradation of functionally active proteins. Only a few examples of plant cryptides playing an important role in plant defense have been...

    Authors: Igor Fesenko, Regina Azarkina, Ilya Kirov, Andrei Kniazev, Anna Filippova, Ekaterina Grafskaia, Vassili Lazarev, Victor Zgoda, Ivan Butenko, Olga Bukato, Irina Lyapina, Dmitry Nazarenko, Sergey Elansky, Anna Mamaeva, Vadim Ivanov and Vadim Govorun

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:9

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Although the wound response of plants has been extensively studied, little is known of the rapid occlusion of wounded cell itself. The laticifer in rubber tree is a specific type of tissue for natural rubber b...

    Authors: Minjing Shi, Yan Li, Shunnan Deng, Dongdong Wang, Yueyi Chen, Shuguang Yang, Jilin Wu and Wei-Min Tian

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:8

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Under high plant density, intensifying competition among individual plants led to overconsumption of energy and nutrients and resulted in an almost dark condition in the lower strata of the canopy, which suppr...

    Authors: Shanshan Wei, Xiangyu Wang, Dong Jiang and Shuting Dong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:378

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Salinization is a primary abiotic stress constraining global plant growth and production. Weedy rice, though highly homologous to cultivated rice, is more salt tolerant during seed germination and seedling gro...

    Authors: Yuhua Zhang, Jiapeng Fang, Xibao Wu and Liyao Dong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:375

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Bud sport mutants of apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) trees with a highly blushed colouring pattern are mainly caused by the accumulation of anthocyanins in the fruit skin. Hormones are important factors modulating...

    Authors: Wen-Fang Li, Juan Mao, Shi-Jin Yang, Zhi-Gang Guo, Zong-Huan Ma, Mohammed Mujitaba Dawuda, Cun-Wu Zuo, Ming-Yu Chu and Bai-Hong Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:363

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Mepiquat chloride (MC) is a plant growth regulator widely used in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) production to suppress excessive vegetative growth, increase root growth and avoid yield losses. To increase root g...

    Authors: Xiaojiao Chen, Man Zhang, Mian Wang, Guiyu Tan, Mingcai Zhang, Yu Xia Hou, Baomin Wang and Zhaohu Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:361

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Plant phospholipase D (PLD), which can hydrolyze membrane phospholipids to produce phosphatidic acid (PA), a secondary signaling molecule, has been proposed to function in diverse plant stress responses. Both ...

    Authors: Tuo Ji, Shuzhen Li, Lujun Li, Meili Huang, Xiufeng Wang, Min Wei, Qinghua Shi, Yan Li, Biao Gong and Fengjuan Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:355

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Nitrogen is one basic element of amino acids and grain protein in wheat. In field experiments, wheat plants were subjected to different timing of nitrogen topdressing treatments: at the stages of emergence of ...

    Authors: Yingxin Zhong, Dachao Xu, Kim Henrik Hebelstrup, Donglei Yang, Jian Cai, Xiao Wang, Qin Zhou, Weixing Cao, Tingbo Dai and Dong Jiang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:353

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Amaryllidaceae alkaloids (AAs) are a large group of plant-specialized metabolites displaying an array of biological and pharmacological properties. Previous investigations on AA biosynthesis have revealed that...

    Authors: Aparna Singh, Marie-Ange Massicotte, Ariane Garand, Laurence Tousignant, Vincent Ouellette, Gervais Bérubé and Isabel Desgagné-Penix

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:338

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Post-translational modification of receptor proteins is involved in activation and de-activation of signalling systems in plants. Both ubiquitination and deubiquitination have been implicated in plant interact...

    Authors: Daniela Tsikou, Estrella E. Ramirez, Ioanna S. Psarrakou, Jaslyn E. Wong, Dorthe B. Jensen, Erika Isono, Simona Radutoiu and Kalliope K. Papadopoulou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:217

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Commercially available poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) varieties prevalently accumulate cyanidin derivatives and show intense red coloration. Orange-red bract color is less common. We investigated four cultiva...

    Authors: Daria Nitarska, Carmen Stefanini, Christian Haselmair-Gosch, Silvija Miosic, Benjamin Walliser, Maja Mikulic-Petkovsek, Ionela Regos, Ana Slatnar, Thomas Debener, Diro Terefe-Ayana, Vinicius Vilperte, Johannes Hadersdorfer, Karl Stich and Heidi Halbwirth

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:216

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Plants of the genus Taxus have attracted much attention owing to the natural product taxol, a successful anti-cancer drug. T. fuana and T. yunnanensis are two endangered Taxus species mainly distributed in the Hi...

    Authors: Chunna Yu, Xiujun Luo, Xiaori Zhan, Juan Hao, Lei Zhang, Yao-Bin L Song, Chenjia Shen and Ming Dong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:197

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Homeostasis of the proteome is critical to the development of chloroplasts and also affects the expression of certain nuclear genes. CLPC1 facilitates the translocation of chloroplast pre-proteins and mediates...

    Authors: Shoudong Zhang, Huoming Zhang, Yiji Xia and Liming Xiong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:192

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Plant cytosolic NAD-dependent glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GapC) displays redox-dependent changes in its subcellular localizations and activity. Apart from its fundamental role in glycolysis, it a...

    Authors: Markus Schneider, Johannes Knuesting, Oliver Birkholz, Jürgen J. Heinisch and Renate Scheibe

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:184

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Jasmintides jS1 and jS2 from Jasminum sambac were previously identified as a novel family of cysteine-rich peptides (CRPs) with an unusual disulfide connectivity. However, very little else is known about jasminti...

    Authors: Geeta Kumari, Ka Ho Wong, Aida Serra, Joon Shin, Ho Sup Yoon, Siu Kwan Sze and James P. Tam

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:144

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Trichomes and phenylpropanoid-derived phenolics are structural and chemical protection against many adverse conditions. Their production is regulated by a network that includes a TTG1/bHLH/MYB tri-protein comp...

    Authors: Shu Wei, Xiang Li, Margaret Y. Gruber, Biruk A. Feyissa, Lisa Amyot and Abdelali Hannoufa

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:134

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Turmeric is a rich source of bioactive compounds useful in both medicine and cuisine. Mineral concentrations effects (PO43−, Ca2+, Mg2+, and KNO3) were tested during in vitro rhizome development on the ex vitro c...

    Authors: Rabia F. El-Hawaz, Mary H. Grace, Alan Janbey, Mary Ann Lila and Jeffrey W. Adelberg

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:122

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:148

  40. Content type: Research article

    Tea plants [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze] can produce one of the three most widely popular non-alcoholic beverages throughout the world. Polyphenols and volatiles are the main functional ingredients determini...

    Authors: Yumei Qian, Shuxiang Zhang, Shengbo Yao, Jinxin Xia, Yanzhi Li, Xinlong Dai, Wenzhao Wang, Xiaolan Jiang, Yajun Liu, Mingzhuo Li, Liping Gao and Tao Xia

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:121

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Fruit color in apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) is ascribed mainly to the accumulation of anthocyanin pigments, and is an important trait for determining fruit market acceptance. Bagging is a commonly used treatmen...

    Authors: Changqing Ma, Chenjuan Jing, Bo Chang, Jiuying Yan, Bowen Liang, Li Liu, Yazhou Yang and Zhengyang Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:108

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The release of phytosiderephores (PS) to the rhizosphere is the main root response to iron (Fe) deficiency in graminaceous plants. We have investigated the role of the Fe status in the shoot as well as of the ...

    Authors: Maria Garnica, Eva Bacaicoa, Veronica Mora, Sara San Francisco, Roberto Baigorri, Angel Mari Zamarreño and Jose Maria Garcia-Mina

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:105

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Auxin (IAA) is a central player in plant cell growth. In contrast to the well-established function of the plasma membrane in plant cell expansion, little is known about the role of the vacuolar membrane (tonop...

    Authors: Zbigniew Burdach, Agnieszka Siemieniuk, Zenon Trela, Renata Kurtyka and Waldemar Karcz

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:102

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  44. Content type: Methodology article

    Ethylene is an important plant hormone that controls many physiological processes in plants. Conventional methods for detecting ethylene include gas chromatographs or optical mid-infrared sensors, which are ex...

    Authors: Andreas Schulte, Jana Viola Schilling, Jannis Nolten, Anna Korona, Hannes Krömke, Jan-Bernd Vennekötter, Britta Schillheim, Matthias Wessling, Uwe Conrath and Jochen Büchs

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:101

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Chlorophyll breakdown is the most obvious sign of leaf senescence. The chlorophyll catabolism pathway and the associated proteins/genes have been identified in considerable detail by genetic approaches combine...

    Authors: Jun Tominaga, Yasutoshi Nakahara, Daisuke Horikawa, Ayumi Tanaka, Maki Kondo, Yasuhiro Kamei, Tsuneaki Takami, Wataru Sakamoto, Kazutoshi Unno, Atsushi Sakamoto and Hiroshi Shimada

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:80

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is one of the most important forage resources in the world due to its high nutritive value. However, its nutritional quality decreases during the transition from budding to flowering....

    Authors: Wenqiang Fan, Gentu Ge, Yinghao Liu, Wei Wang, Liying Liu and Yushan Jia

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:78

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) signaling affects many processes, some of which have different outcomes in the same cell. In Arabidopsis, activation of a MAPK cascade consisting of YODA, MKK4/5 and MP...

    Authors: Diego L. Wengier, Gregory R. Lampard and Dominique C. Bergmann

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:60

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Starch is the major component of cereal grains and is composed of essentially linear amylose and highly branched amylopectin. The properties and composition of starch determine the use and value of grains and ...

    Authors: Mari Hayashi, Naoko Crofts, Naoko F. Oitome and Naoko Fujita

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:59

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Although decreased protein expressions have been observed in NOA1 (Nitric Oxide Associated protein 1) deficient plants, the molecular mechanisms of how NOA1 regulates protein metabolism remain poorly understoo...

    Authors: Han He, Qiaosong Yang, Boran Shen, Sheng Zhang and Xinxiang Peng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:44

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  50. Content type: Research article

    Grasslands are one of the most representative vegetation types accounting for about 20% of the global land area and thus the response of grasslands to climate change plays a pivotal role in terrestrial carbon ...

    Authors: Yunpu Zheng, Fei Li, Lihua Hao, Arshad Ali Shedayi, Lili Guo, Chao Ma, Bingru Huang and Ming Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:27

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