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Genetics and crop biotechnology

This section considers studies in advances in crop biotechnology as well as the inheritance and variation and all other aspects of genetics in relation to plant biology.

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  1. Wheat stripe rust (caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. Tritici), is a major disease that causes huge yield damage. New pathogen races appeared in the last few years and caused a broke down in the resistant geno...

    Authors: Mohamed A. Abou-Zeid and Amira M. I. Mourad

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:42

    Content type: Research article

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  2. O-methyltransferases (OMTs) are an important group of enzymes that catalyze the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosyl-L-methionine to their acceptor substrates. OMTs are divided into several groups accord...

    Authors: Abdul Hafeez, Qún Gě, Qí Zhāng, Jùnwén Lǐ, Jǔwǔ Gōng, Ruìxián Liú, Yùzhēn Shí, Hǎihóng Shāng, Àiyīng Liú, Muhammad S. Iqbal, Xiǎoyīng Dèng, Abdul Razzaq, Muharam Ali, Yǒulù Yuán and Wànkuí Gǒng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:37

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Rice growth is frequently affected by salinity. When exposed to high salinity, rice seed germination and seedling establishment are significantly inhibited. With the promotion of direct-seeding in Asia, improv...

    Authors: Peng Zeng, Peiwen Zhu, Luofeng Qian, Xumei Qian, Yuxin Mi, Zefeng Lin, Shinan Dong, Henrik Aronsson, Hongsheng Zhang and Jinping Cheng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:36

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Sugarcane is capable to store large amounts of sucrose in the culm at maturity hence it became a major source of sucrose for the food and the renewable energy industries. Sucrose, the main disaccharide produce...

    Authors: Vania Gabriela Sedano Partida, Henrique Moura Dias, Diana Susana Martinez Corcino and Marie-Anne Van Sluys

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:23

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Microspore embryogenesis is potentially the most effective method of obtaining doubled haploids (DH) which are utilized in breeding programs to accelerate production of new cultivars. However, the regeneration...

    Authors: Monika Gajecka, Marek Marzec, Beata Chmielewska, Janusz Jelonek, Justyna Zbieszczyk and Iwona Szarejko

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:22

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Common buckwheat (2n = 2x = 16) is an outcrossing pseudocereal whose seeds contain abundant nutrients and potential antioxidants. As these beneficial compounds are damaged by preharvest sprouting (PHS) and PHS is...

    Authors: Ryoma Takeshima, Eri Ogiso-Tanaka, Yasuo Yasui and Katsuhiro Matsui

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:18

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Arabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs) are a class of hydroxyproline-rich proteins (HRGPs) that are heavily glycosylated (> 90%) with type II arabinogalactans (AGs). AGPs are implicated in various plant growth and de...

    Authors: Yuan Zhang, Michael A. Held, Dasmeet Kaur and Allan M. Showalter

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:16

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Understanding the complexity of the vine plant’s response to water deficit represents a major challenge for sustainable winegrowing. Regulation of water use requires a coordinated action between scions and roo...

    Authors: Massimiliano Trenti, Silvia Lorenzi, Pier Luigi Bianchedi, Daniele Grossi, Osvaldo Failla, Maria Stella Grando and Francesco Emanuelli

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:7

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) is an important oil crop world-widely cultivated, and seed oil content (SOC) is one of the most important traits for rapeseed. To increase SOC, many efforts for promoting the function...

    Authors: Haoyi Wang, Qian Wang, Haksong Pak, Tao Yan, Mingxun Chen, Xiaoyang Chen, Dezhi Wu and Lixi Jiang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:6

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Rice is a typical monocotyledonous plant and an important cereal crop. The structural units of rice flowers are spikelets and florets, and floral organ development and spike germination affect rice reproductio...

    Authors: Dewei Yang, Niqing He, Xianghua Zheng, Yanmei Zhen, Zhenxin Xie, Chaoping Cheng and Fenghuang Huang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:561

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is an important commercial fruit tree, with moderate tolerance to salinity. The balance of Cl and other anions in pomegranate tissues are affected by salinity, however, the accum...

    Authors: Cuiyu Liu, Yujie Zhao, Xueqing Zhao, Jianmei Dong and Zhaohe Yuan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:560

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins compose a large protein family whose members are involved in both RNA processing in organelles and plant growth. Previous reports have shown that E-subgroup PPR proteins...

    Authors: Ru Chang Ren, Xu Wei Yan, Ya Jie Zhao, Yi Ming Wei, Xiaoduo Lu, Jie Zang, Jia Wen Wu, Guang Ming Zheng, Xin Hua Ding, Xian Sheng Zhang and Xiang Yu Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:553

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Brassica napus is an important oilseed crop cultivated worldwide. During domestication and breeding of B. napus, flowering time has been a target of selection because of its substantial impact on yield. Here we u...

    Authors: Armin Scheben, Anita A. Severn-Ellis, Dhwani Patel, Aneeta Pradhan, Stephen J. Rae, Jacqueline Batley and David Edwards

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:546

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Zhengdan 958 (Zheng 58 × Chang 7–2), a commercial hybrid that is produced in a large area in China, is the result of the successful use of the heterotic pattern of Reid × Tang-SPT. The jointing stage of maize ...

    Authors: Gege Hou, Yahui Dong, Fangfang Zhu, Qiannan Zhao, Tianyi Li, Dandan Dou, Xingli Ma, Liancheng Wu, Lixia Ku and Yanhui Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:541

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Apple (Malus ssp.), one of the most important temperate fruit crops, has a long cultivation history and is economically important. To identify the genetic relationships among the apple germplasm accessions, whole...

    Authors: Xuan Wang, Fei Shen, Yuan Gao, Kun Wang, Ruiting Chen, Jun Luo, Lili Yang, Xi Zhang, Changpeng Qiu, Wei Li, Ting Wu, Xuefeng Xu, Yi Wang, Peihua Cong, Zhenhai Han and Xinzhong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:540

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Pistil development is a complicated process in plants, and female sterile mutants are ideal material for screening and cloning pistil development-related genes. Using the female sterile mutant (fsm1), BraA04g0097...

    Authors: Shengnan Huang, Wenjie Liu, Junjie Xu, Zhiyong Liu, Chengyu Li and Hui Feng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:538

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) undergoes winter dormancy by sensing photoperiod and temperature changes. It transitions to winter dormancy in early fall following at the end of reproduction and exits dormancy in ...

    Authors: Rasyidah M. Razar and Ali Missaoui

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:537

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Appropriate information about genetic diversity and population structure of germplasm improves the efficiency of plant breeding. The low productivity of Nepali bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is a major concer...

    Authors: Kamal Khadka, Davoud Torkamaneh, Mina Kaviani, Francois Belzile, Manish N. Raizada and Alireza Navabi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:530

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Kernel weight and morphology are important traits affecting cereal yields and quality. Dissecting the genetic basis of thousand kernel weight (TKW) and its related traits is an effective method to improve whea...

    Authors: Hong Liu, Xiaotao Zhang, Yunfeng Xu, Feifei Ma, Jinpeng Zhang, Yanwei Cao, Lihui Li and Diaoguo An

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:529

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The characteristics of elephant grass, especially its stem lignocellulose, are of great significance for its quality as feed or other industrial raw materials. However, the research on lignocellulose biosynthe...

    Authors: Wenqing Zhang, Shengkui Zhang, Xianqin Lu, Can Li, Xingwang Liu, Geyu Dong and Tao Xia

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:528

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Pinus massoniana Lamb. is an important afforestation tree species with high economic, ecological and medicinal values. Aluminum (Al) toxicity driven by soil acidification causes dieback of P. massoniana plantatio...

    Authors: Haiyan Liu, Houying Chen, Guijie Ding, Kuaifen Li and Qifei Ren

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:521

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Crown gall disease, caused by the pathogenic bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens, is responsible for extensive economic losses in orchards. Cherry rootstock ‘CDR-1’ (Prunus mahaleb) shows high resistance but the ...

    Authors: Chenglin Liang, Tian Wan, Rendun Wu, Mei Zhao, Yue Zhao and Yuliang Cai

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:516

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Stalk fracture caused by strong wind can severely reduce yields in maize. Stalks with higher stiffness and flexibility will exhibit stronger lodging resistance. However, stalk flexibility is rarely studied in ...

    Authors: Xiaqing Wang, Zi Shi, Ruyang Zhang, Xuan Sun, Jidong Wang, Shuai Wang, Ying Zhang, Yanxin Zhao, Aiguo Su, Chunhui Li, Ronghuan Wang, Yunxia Zhang, Shuaishuai Wang, Yuandong Wang, Wei Song and Jiuran Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:515

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Soybean (Glycine max) is a major protein crop, because soybean protein has an amino acid score comparable to that of beef and egg white. However, many allergens have been identified among soybean proteins. A decr...

    Authors: Shota Sugano, Aya Hirose, Yuhei Kanazashi, Kohei Adachi, Miki Hibara, Takeshi Itoh, Masafumi Mikami, Masaki Endo, Sakiko Hirose, Nobuyuki Maruyama, Jun Abe and Tetsuya Yamada

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:513

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Paeonia decomposita, endemic to China, has important ornamental, medicinal, and economic value and is regarded as an endangered plant. The genetic diversity and population structure have seldom been described. A ...

    Authors: Shi-Quan Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:510

    Content type: Research article

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  26. TaCKX wheat gene family members (GFMs) encode the enzyme cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase (CKX), which irreversibly degrades cytokinins. The genes are important regulators of cytokinin content and take part in gro...

    Authors: Karolina Szala, Hanna Ogonowska, Boguslawa Lugowska, Barbara Zmijewska, Renata Wyszynska, Marta Dmochowska-Boguta, Waclaw Orczyk and Anna Nadolska-Orczyk

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:496

    Content type: Research article

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  27. China has diverse wheat varieties that adapt to very different environments divided into ten agro-ecological zones. A better understanding of genomic differences and patterns of selection among agro-ecological...

    Authors: Jie Guo, Chang Li, Junjie Zhao, Jiahui Guo, Weiping Shi, Shunhe Cheng, Meixue Zhou and Chenyang Hao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:494

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Stripe rust (yellow rust) is a significant disease for bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) worldwide. A genome-wide association study was conducted on 240 Chinese wheat cultivars and elite lines genotyped with the...

    Authors: Mengjie Jia, Lijun Yang, Wei Zhang, Garry Rosewarne, Junhui Li, Enian Yang, Ling Chen, Wenxue Wang, Yike Liu, Hanwen Tong, Weijie He, Yuqing Zhang, Zhanwang Zhu and Chunbao Gao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:491

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Kernel row number (KRN) is an important trait for the domestication and improvement of maize. Exploring the genetic basis of KRN has great research significance and can provide valuable information for molecul...

    Authors: Yixin An, Lin Chen, Yong-Xiang Li, Chunhui Li, Yunsu Shi, Dengfeng Zhang, Yu Li and Tianyu Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:490

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Heterobeltiosis is the phenomenon when the hybrid’s performance is superior to its best performing parent. Banana (Musa spp. AAA) breeding is a tedious, time-consuming process, taking up to two decades to develop...

    Authors: Michael Batte, Moses Nyine, Brigitte Uwimana, Rony Swennen, Violet Akech, Allan Brown, Helena Persson Hovmalm, Mulatu Geleta and Rodomiro Ortiz

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:489

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea) is one of the most important oilseed crops worldwide, and the generation of pegs and formation of subterranean pods are essential processes in peanut reproductive developm...

    Authors: Xiaobo Zhao, Chunjuan Li, Hao Zhang, Caixia Yan, Quanxi Sun, Juan Wang, Cuiling Yuan and Shihua Shan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:488

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Somatic embryogenesis in grapevines is a complex process that depends on many physiological and genetic factors. One of its main limitations is the process of precocious germination of the somatic embryos in d...

    Authors: Yosvanis Acanda, Óscar Martínez, María Jesús Prado, María Victoria González and Manuel Rey

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:487

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The production of soy-based food products requires specific physical and chemical characteristics of the soybean seed. Identification of quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with value-added traits, such a...

    Authors: Rachel M. Whiting, Sepideh Torabi, Lewis Lukens and Milad Eskandari

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:485

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Goji (Lycium spp., 2n = 24) is a fruit bearing woody plant popular as a superfood for extensive medicinal and nutritional advantages. Fruit size associated attributes are important for evaluating small-fruited go...

    Authors: Fazal Rehman, Haiguang Gong, Zhong Li, Shaohua Zeng, Tianshun Yang, Peiyan Ai, Lizhu Pan, Hongwen Huang and Ying Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:474

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The whole chloroplast genomes of 3018 rice genotypes were assembled from available sequence data by alignment with a reference rice chloroplast genome sequence, providing high quality chloroplast genomes for a...

    Authors: Ali Mohammad Moner, Agnelo Furtado and Robert J. Henry

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:472

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Leaf size and shape, which affect light capture, and chlorophyll content are important factors affecting photosynthetic efficiency. Genetic variation of these components significantly affects yield potential a...

    Authors: Kaiye Yu, Jinshe Wang, Chongyuan Sun, Xiaoqian Liu, Huanqing Xu, Yuming Yang, Lidong Dong and Dan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:470

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Ecological environments shape plant architecture and alter the growing season, which provides the basis for wheat genetic improvement. Therefore, understanding the genetic basis of grain yield and yield-relate...

    Authors: Jian Yang, Yanjie Zhou, Weiguo Hu, Yu’e Zhang, Yong Zhou, Yongxing Chen, Xicheng Wang, Hong Zhao, Tingjie Cao and Zhiyong Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:469

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Brassica napus L. is one of the most important oil crops in the world. However, climate-change-induced environmental stresses negatively impact on its yield and quality. Cuticular waxes are known to protect plant...

    Authors: Shurong Jin, Shuangjuan Zhang, Yuhua Liu, Youwei Jiang, Yanmei Wang, Jiana Li and Yu Ni

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:458

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Starch in the lotus seed contains a high proportion of amylose, which endows lotus seed a promising property in the development of hypoglycemic and low-glycemic index functional food. Currently, improving star...

    Authors: Heng Sun, Juanjuan Li, Heyun Song, Dong Yang, Xianbao Deng, Juan Liu, Yunmeng Wang, Junyu Ma, Yaqian Xiong, Yanling Liu and Mei Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:457

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Before studying gene expression of different organisms, it is important to determine the best reference gene. At present, the most accurate method of detecting gene expression is quantitative real-time PCR (RT...

    Authors: Huiyun Song, Wenmai Mao, Zhihao Duan, Qingmin Que, Wei Zhou, Xiaoyang Chen and Pei Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:450

    Content type: Research article

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  41. DNA-free, clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-associated protein (Cas) ribonucleoprotein (RNP)-based genome editing is a simple, convincing, and promising tool for precision crop...

    Authors: Hyeran Kim, Jisun Choi and Kang-Hee Won

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:449

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Petals are the colorful region of many ornamental plants. Quality traits of petal color directly affect the value of ornamental plants. Although the regulatory mechanism of flower color has been widely studied...

    Authors: Xiaojuan Yin, Xinyue Lin, Yuxuan Liu, Muhammad Irfan, Lijing Chen and Li Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:446

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Leaf senescence comprises numerous cooperative events, integrates environmental signals with age-dependent developmental cues, and coordinates the multifaceted deterioration and source-to-sink allocation of nu...

    Authors: Ming-Ming Zhao, Xiao-Wen Zhang, Yong-Wei Liu, Ke Li, Qi Tan, Shuo Zhou, Geng Wang and Chun-Jiang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:444

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Rice is an important human staple food vulnerable to heavy metal contamination leading to serious concerns. High yield with low heavy metal contamination is a common but highly challenging goal for rice breede...

    Authors: Shuai Liu, Hua Zhong, Xiaoxi Meng, Tong Sun, Yangsheng Li, Shannon R. M. Pinson, Sam K. C. Chang and Zhaohua Peng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:441

    Content type: Research article

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  45. AGAMOUS (AG) subfamily genes regulate the floral organs initiation and development, fruit and seed development. At present, there has been insufficient study of the function of AG subfamily genes in Asteraceae. M...

    Authors: Chunling Zhang, Ludan Wei, Wenjing Wang, Wenquan Qi, Zhe Cao, Hang Li, Manzhu Bao and Yanhong He

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:439

    Content type: Research article

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  46. High-density genetic mapping is a valuable tool for mapping loci that control specific traits for perennial fruit trees. Peach is an economically important fruit tree and a model Rosaceae species for genomic a...

    Authors: Pei Shi, Ze Xu, Shaoyu Zhang, Xianju Wang, Xiaofei Ma, Jicheng Zheng, Libo Xing, Dong Zhang, Juanjuan Ma, Mingyu Han and Caiping Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:438

    Content type: Research article

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  47. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and their regulatory functions in anthocyanin, carotenoid, and chlorophyll accumulation have been extensively characterized in many plant species. However, the miRNA regulatory mechanism in ...

    Authors: Canbin Chen, Fangfang Xie, Qingzhu Hua, Noemi Tel Zur, Lulu Zhang, Zhike Zhang, Rong Zhang, Jietang Zhao, Guibing Hu and Yonghua Qin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:437

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Lilac (Syringa oblata) is an important woody plant with high ornamental value. However, very limited genetic marker resources are currently available, and little is known about the genetic architecture of importa...

    Authors: Yunyao Yang, Ruiqing He, Jian Zheng, Zenghui Hu, Jing Wu and Pingsheng Leng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:436

    Content type: Research article

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