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  1. The present study aims to study the effects of biofertilizers potential of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) and Bradyrhizobium japonicum (B. japonicum) strains on yield and growth of drought stressed soybean (G...

    Authors: Mohamed S. Sheteiwy, Dina Fathi Ismail Ali, You-Cai Xiong, Marian Brestic, Milan Skalicky, Yousef Alhaj Hamoud, Zaid Ulhassan, Hiba Shaghaleh, Hamada AbdElgawad, Muhammad Farooq, Anket Sharma and Ahmed M. El-Sawah

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:195

    Content type: Research

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  2. Seed germination is the process through which a quiescent organ reactivates its metabolism culminating with the resumption cell divisions. It is usually the growth of a plant contained within a seed and result...

    Authors: Xiaofei Xue, Fuchao Jiao, Haicheng Xu, Qiqing Jiao, Xin Zhang, Yong Zhang, Shangyi Du, Menghan Xi, Aiguo Wang, Jingtang Chen and Ming Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:194

    Content type: Review

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  3. LEA proteins are widely distributed in the plant and animal kingdoms, as well as in micro-organisms. LEA genes make up a large family and function in plant protection against a variety of adverse conditions.

    Authors: Zhen Li, Hui Chi, Caiyue Liu, Tianbao Zhang, Lida Han, Liang Li, Xinwu Pei and Yan Long

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:193

    Content type: Research

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  4. Juniperus procera Hoechst. ex Endl. is a medicinal tree in Saudi Arabia, primarily in the Enemas region, but it is locally threatened due to die-back disease and difficulties regarding seed reproduction (seed dor...

    Authors: Abdalrhaman M. Salih, Fahad Al-Qurainy, Salim Khan, Mohamed Tarroum, Mohammad Nadeem, Hassan O. Shaikhaldein, Nadiyah M. Alabdallah, Saleh Alansi and Aref Alshameri

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:192

    Content type: Research

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  5. Cytochrome P450s (P450s) are enzymes that play critical roles in the biosynthesis of physiologically important compounds across all organisms. Although they have been characterised in a large number of plant s...

    Authors: Shahida A. Mitu, Steven M. Ogbourne, Anne H. Klein, Trong D. Tran, Paul W. Reddell and Scott F. Cummins

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:191

    Content type: Research

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  6. Low temperature severely depresses the uptake, translocation from the root to the shoot, and metabolism of nitrate and ammonium in thermophilic plants such as cucumber (Cucumis sativus). Plant growth is inhibited...

    Authors: Yumei Liu, Longqiang Bai, Mintao Sun, Jun Wang, Shuzhen Li, Li Miao, Yan Yan, Chaoxing He, Xianchang Yu and Yansu Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:189

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is an important food crop known for its high starch content. Polyploid breeding is effective in its genetic improvement, and use of 2n gametes in sexual polyploid breeding is on...

    Authors: Xia Chen, Hanggui Lai, Ruimei Li, Yuan Yao, Jiao Liu, Shuai Yuan, Shaoping Fu, Xinwen Hu and Jianchun Guo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:188

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Most orchid species have been shown to be severely pollination limited, and the factors affecting reproductive success have been widely studied. However, the factors determining the reproductive success vary f...

    Authors: Wenliu Zhang and Jiangyun Gao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:187

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Time-to-maturation (TTM) is an important trait contributing to adaptability, yield and quality in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L). Virginia market-type peanut belongs to the late-maturing A. hypogaea subspecies with ...

    Authors: Srinivas Kunta, Sara Agmon, Ilan Chedvat, Yael Levy, Ye Chu, Peggy Ozias-Akins and Ran Hovav

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:186

    Content type: Research

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  10. Heat shock factors (Hsfs) and Heat shock proteins (Hsps) belong to an essential group of molecular regulators involved in controlling cellular processes under normal and stress conditions. The role of Hsfs and...

    Authors: Taehoon Kim, Shafina Samraj, Juan Jiménez, Celina Gómez, Tie Liu and Kevin Begcy

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:185

    Content type: Research

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  11. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important legume species which can be consumed as immature pods and dry seeds after re-hydration and cooking. Many genes and QTL, and epistatic interactions among them, c...

    Authors: Carmen García-Fernández, Ana Campa, Alvaro Soler Garzón, Phil Miklas and Juan Jose Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:184

    Content type: Research

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  12. PROTEIN PHOSPHATASE 2A (PP2A) expression is crucial for the symbiotic association between plants and various microbes, and knowledge on these symbiotic processes is important for sustainable agriculture. Here ...

    Authors: Irina O. Averkina, Muhammad Harris, Edward Ohene Asare, Berenice Hourdin, Ivan A. Paponov and Cathrine Lillo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:183

    Content type: Research

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  13. Trichomes are excellent model systems for the analysis of cell differentiation and play essential roles in plant protection. From cucumber inbred line ‘WD1’, we identified an EMS-induced trichome abnormally de...

    Authors: Leyu Zhang, Duo Lv, Jian Pan, Keyan Zhang, Haifan Wen, Yue Chen, Hui Du, Huanle He, Run Cai, Junsong Pan and Gang Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:182

    Content type: Research

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  14. The investigation of molecular mechanisms involved in lipid metabolism plays a critical role for the genetic engineering of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) to increase the oil accumulation level or to change ...

    Authors: Dandan Li, Qing Wang, Xin Xu, Jingsheng Yu, Zhiyu Chen, Bo Wei and Wei Wu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:181

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Melatonin, a multifunctional signal molecule, has been reported to play crucial roles in growth and development and stress responses in various plant species. Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) is a food crop with ...

    Authors: Yihua Zhan, Tingting Wu, Xuan Zhao, Zhanqi Wang and Yue Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:180

    Content type: Research

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  16. Bolting refers to the early flowering stem production on agricultural and horticultural crops before harvesting. Indeed, bolting is an event induced by the coordinated effects of various environmental factors ...

    Authors: Reza Abolghasemi, Maryam Haghighi, Nematollah Etemadi, Shui Wang and Aboozar Soorni

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:179

    Content type: Research

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  17. Apomixis is a form of asexual reproduction that produces offspring without the need for combining male and female gametes, and the offspring have the same genetic makeup as the mother. Therefore, apomixis tech...

    Authors: Xitong Fei, Yu Lei, Yichen Qi, Shujie Wang, Haichao Hu and Anzhi Wei

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:178

    Content type: Research

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  18. Cottonseed is one of the major sources of vegetable oil. Analysis of the dynamic changes of fatty acid components and the genes regulating the composition of fatty acids of cottonseed oil is of great significa...

    Authors: Lihong Ma, Xinqi Cheng, Chuan Wang, Xinyu Zhang, Fei Xue, Yanjun Li, Qianhao Zhu, Jie Sun and Feng Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:177

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Salinity is a major threat to the agriculture industry due to the negative impact of salinity stress on crop productivity. In the present study, we isolated rhizobacteria and evaluated their capacities to prom...

    Authors: Muhammad Aaqil Khan, Atlaw Anbelu Sahile, Rahmatullah Jan, Sajjad Asaf, Muhammad Hamayun, Muhammad Imran, Arjun Adhikari, Sang-Mo Kang, Kyung-Min Kim and In-Jung Lee

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:176

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Despite its good salt-tolerance level, key genes and pathways involved with temporal salt response of common bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.) have not been explored. Therefore, in this study, to underst...

    Authors: An Shao, Wei Wang, Shugao Fan, Xiao Xu, Yanling Yin, Amombo Erick, Xiaoning Li, Guangyang Wang, Hongli Wang and Jinmin Fu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:175

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Allium sativum (garlic) is an economically important food source and medicinal plant rich in sulfides and other protective substances such as alliin, the precursor of allicin biosynthesis. Cysteine, serine and su...

    Authors: Xuqin Yang, Yiren Su, Jiaying Wu, Wen Wan, Huijian Chen, Xiaoying Cao, Junjuan Wang, Zhong Zhang, Youzhi Wang, Deliang Ma, G. J. Loake and Jihong Jiang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:174

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The shedding of premature sweet cherry (Prunus avium L) fruitlet has significantly impacted production, which in turn has a consequential effect on economic benefits.

    Authors: Zhilang Qiu, Zhuang Wen, Qiandong Hou, Guang Qiao, Kun Yang, Yi Hong and Xiaopeng Wen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:173

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Leaf color is an important trait in breeding of leafy vegetables. Y-05, a pakchoi (Brassica rapa ssp. chinensis) cultivar, displays yellow inner (YIN) and green outer leaves (GOU) after cold acclimation. However,...

    Authors: Huiyu Wang, Zhubo Li, Lingyun Yuan, Hefang Zhou, Xilin Hou and Tongkun Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:172

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. A better understanding of non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) dynamics in trees under drought stress is critical to elucidate the mechanisms underlying forest decline and tree mortality from extended periods of ...

    Authors: Jiaxing Wang, Haoqiang Zhang, Jing Gao, Yu Zhang, Yaqin Liu and Ming Tang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:171

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Protease inhibitors are defense proteins widely distributed in the plant kingdom. By reducing the activity of digestive enzymes in insect guts, they reduce the availability of nutrients and thus impair the gro...

    Authors: Franziska Eberl, Thomas Fabisch, Katrin Luck, Tobias G. Köllner, Heiko Vogel, Jonathan Gershenzon and Sybille B. Unsicker

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:170

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Pepper is one of the most cultivated crops worldwide, but is sensitive to salinity. This sensitivity is dependent on varieties and our knowledge about how they can face such stress is limited, mainly according...

    Authors: Lidia López-Serrano, Ángeles Calatayud, Salvador López-Galarza, Ramón Serrano and Eduardo Bueso

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:169

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: W. V. Andrade Júnior, C. F. Oliveira Neto, B. G. Santos Filho, E. D. Cruz, C. B. Amarante, A. V. C. Barbosa, G. A. S. Nogueira, V. R. Nascimento, D. J. P. Sousa and J. S. S. Teixeira

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:168

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:151

  28. DNA sequence composition affects meiotic recombination. However, the correlation between tandem repeat composition and meiotic recombination in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is unclear.

    Authors: Yang Zou, Linrong Wan, Jie Luo, Zongxiang Tang and Shulan Fu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:167

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Pollination accelerate sepal development that enhances plant fitness by protecting seeds in female spinach. This response requires pollination signals that result in the remodeling within the sepal cells for r...

    Authors: Mahpara Fatima, Xiaokai Ma, Ping Zhou, Madiha Zaynab and Ray Ming

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:166

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. To decipher the root and microbial interaction, secondary metabolite accumulation in roots and the microbial community’s succession model during the plant’s growth period demands an in-depth investigation. How...

    Authors: Hanli Dang, Tao Zhang, Zhongke Wang, Guifang Li, Wenqin Zhao, Xinhua Lv and Li Zhuang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:165

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Diatoms contribute 20% of the global primary production and are adaptable in dynamic environments. Diatoms always bloom earlier in the annual phytoplankton succession instead of dinoflagellates. However, how d...

    Authors: Lu Zhou, Songcui Wu, Wenhui Gu, Lijun Wang, Jing Wang, Shan Gao and Guangce Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:164

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Greater yam (Dioscorea alata L.) is a major tropical and subtropical staple crop cultivated for its starchy tubers. Breeding of this dioecious species is hampered by its erratic flowering, yet little is currently...

    Authors: Fabien Cormier, Guillaume Martin, Hélène Vignes, Laurie Lachman, Denis Cornet, Yoana Faure, Erick Maledon, Pierre Mournet, Gemma Arnau and Hâna Chaïr

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:163

    Content type: Research article

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  33. In plants, 14-3-3 proteins, also called GENERAL REGULATORY FACTORs (GRFs), encoded by a large multigene family, are involved in protein–protein interactions and play crucial roles in various physiological proc...

    Authors: Na Sang, Hui Liu, Bin Ma, Xianzhong Huang, Lu Zhuo and Yuqiang Sun

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:162

    Content type: Research article

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  34. As the key regulators in BR signaling, BES1 family genes regulate thousands of target genes involved in various development processes. So far, the functions of BES1 family are poorly understood in tomato, and a c...

    Authors: Deding Su, Wei Xiang, Ling Wen, Wang Lu, Yuan Shi, Yudong Liu and Zhengguo Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:161

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Being a promising tropical woody oilseed crop, the evergreen and recurrent plants of Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.) has complex phenology and source–sink interactions. Carbon source–sink manipulations with...

    Authors: Zhiquan Cai, Tao Xie and Jin Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:160

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Sesame (Sesamum indicum) charcoal rot, a destructive fungal disease caused by Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid (MP), is a great threat to the yield and quality of sesame. However, there is a lack of informati...

    Authors: Wenqing Yan, Yunxia Ni, Xintao Liu, Hui Zhao, Yanhua Chen, Min Jia, Mingming Liu, Hongyan Liu and Baoming Tian

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:159

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Maize is one of the most important field crops in the world. Most of the key agronomic traits, including yield traits and plant architecture traits, are quantitative. Fine mapping of genes/ quantitative trait ...

    Authors: Zhengjie Chen, Dengguo Tang, Jixing Ni, Peng Li, Le Wang, Jinhong Zhou, Chenyang Li, Hai Lan, Lujiang Li and Jian Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:157

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Low temperature (LT) is one of the main limiting factors that affect growth and development in grape. Increasing soluble sugar and scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS) play critical roles in grapevine resi...

    Authors: Guoping Liang, Honghong He, Guojie Nai, Lidan Feng, Yanmei Li, Qi Zhou, Zonghuan Ma, Yuan Yue, Baihong Chen and Juan Mao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:156

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Anastomosis group 1 IA (AG1-IA) of Rhizoctonia solani is the major agent of banded leaf and sheath blight (BLSB) disease that causes severe yield loss in many worldwide crops. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are ~ 22 nt non-c...

    Authors: Hongxu Meng, Shaoli Wang, Wei Yang, Xinhua Ding, Ning Li, Zhaohui Chu and Xiaoming Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:155

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Mechanical damage is an unavoidable threat to the growth and survival of plants. Although a wound to senescing (lower) leaves improves plant vitality, a wound to younger (upper) leaves often causes damage to o...

    Authors: Qi Chen, Xueyan Lu, Xiaorui Guo, Mingyuan Xu and Zhonghua Tang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:154

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Acetosyringone (3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxyacetophenone, AS) is a syringyl-type phenolic compound rarely found in plants in free form. It has been shown earlier to inhibit the growth of Pseudomonas bacteria in the pr...

    Authors: Ágnes Szatmári, Ágnes M. Móricz, Ildikó Schwarczinger, Judit Kolozsváriné Nagy, Ágnes Alberti, Miklós Pogány and Zoltán Bozsó

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:153

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Prunus pedunculata Pall, the deciduous shrub of Amygdalus subgenus in Rosaceae, is a new kind of desert oil-bearing tree. It has a long story of being planted in the West and North of China for sand fixation and ...

    Authors: Wenquan Bao, Dun Ao, Lin Wang, Zhihao Ling, Maoshan Chen, Yue Bai, Ta-Na Wuyun, Junxing Chen, Shuning Zhang and Fengming Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:152

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Virola surinamensis is a forest species widely distributed in the estuaries of the Amazon. These ecosystems are susceptible to contamination by Cadmium (Cd), indicating that the plant has strategies for toleratin...

    Authors: W. V. Andrade Júnior, C. F. Oliveira Neto, B. G. Santos Filho, E. D. Cruz, C. B. Amarante, A. V. C. Barbosa, G. A. S. Nogueira, V. R. Nascimento, D. J. P. Sousa and J. S. S. Teixeira

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:151

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:168

  44. Rice is particularly effective, compared to other cereals, at accumulating arsenic (As), a nonthreshold, class 1 human carcinogen in shoot and grain. Nano-zinc oxide is gradually used in agricultural productio...

    Authors: Shiwei Yan, Fan Wu, Song Zhou, Jianhao Yang, Xianjin Tang and Wenling Ye

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:150

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. The main objectives of this study were to find the possible structural association between the activity of enzymatic antioxidants and the grain yield of triticale plants as well as identifying the genotypic va...

    Authors: Armin Saed-Moucheshi, Fatemeh Sohrabi, Elham Fasihfar, Fatemeh Baniasadi, Mehrnaz Riasat and Ali Akbar Mozafari

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:148

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Climate change is predicted to lead to changes in the amount and distribution of precipitation during the growing seasonal. This “repackaging” of rainfall could be particularly important for grassland producti...

    Authors: Jinwei Zhang, Xiangjin Shen, Bifan Mu, Yujie Shi, Yuheng Yang, Xuefeng Wu, Chunsheng Mu and Junfeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:147

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Glycine betaine (GB) plays a crucial role in plants responding to abiotic stresses. Studying the physiological response of cotton seedlings to exogenous GB under salt stress provides a reference for the applic...

    Authors: Abdoul Kader Mounkaila Hamani, Shuang Li, Jinsai Chen, Abubakar Sunusi Amin, Guangshuai Wang, Shen Xiaojun, Muhammad Zain and Yang Gao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:146

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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